Adana is one of the most beautiful cities in Turkey with its wealth of historical and cultural values of Cukurova, amiable and friendly people, delicious meals and its cool breezes of mountain pastures during hot days of summer. With its fertile lands Adana is both a Mediterranean city and a center for civilization developed within the history with the effects of Mesopotamian cultures. Adana situated on the feet of Toros Mountains is the place where the Legend of Sahmaran was emerged.
Road: Regular coach services from all around Turkey are available.
Airline: Adana Airport
Maritime line: Botas Port for international oil and cargo transportation and the Port of Toros Fertilizer Factory are within the provincial border of Adana.
Railroad: Adana is one of the cities where railroad transportation is available.
Brief Historical Account
According the information based on historical researches, Cukurova has been a settlement place since the Paleolithic Age. Tepebag Tumulus which is one of the oldest settlement centers in Cukurova is from the antiquity. The city nucleus, which is enclosed with ramparts found in the tumulus, sheds light the city period during Neolithic age.The old castle next to the Stone Bridge (Tas Kopru) situated at the South of Tepebag district was demolished and Adana Castle was built there. Later Mehmet Ali Pasha demolished this castle. During the age of Ramazanogullari, the city became larger and new buildings, such as Grand Mosque (Ulucami), Salt Caravansary (Tuz Han) and Yag Mosque, were built. Adana became a city of the Ottoman Empire during the Egypt Campaign of Yavuz Sultan Selim and later became an Ottoman province in 1608. It was respectively dependent on the provinces of a Konya, Malatya, Sam and Halep. For some time, Adana was governed from Cyprus and after the year of 1867, it became a center for Adana Province (Sanjak). This situation continued until the French invasion. During the French invasion, the provincial administrative center was transferred to Pozanti but Adana again became provincial administrative center after the invasion was defeated. During the Republic Age Adana was developed and it is now one of the biggest cities of Turkey.
Mediterranean Climate is dominant: summers are hot and arid; winters are warm and rainy. The coldest month is January (mean temperature 9ºC) and the hottest month is August (mean temperature 28ºC).
Places to Go and Visit
Bebekli Church, Castle Church (Dark Church (Kara Kilise)) at Saimbeyli, Antique Church and City Ruins at Sar, Akoren Church at Aladag, Anavarza Castle, Ala Gate, Magarsus Ancient City, Yumurtalik Nature Protection Area.
Adana Archeology Museum, Ethnography Museum, Ataturk Science and Culture Center, Misis Mosaic Museum.
Karatas and Yumurtalik beaches of the city at the Mediterranean Sea.
May-June: Golden Cocoon Culture and Art Festival
Rafting, trekking, hunting tourism, water sports, golf, skiing, bird watching, wind surfing, diving facilities are available.
Adana Kebap, Adana kusbasi (Diced Lamb on Skewers), icli kofte (stuffed meatball), kısır, iskembe dolmasi (stuffed tripe), turnip juice, tas kadayif, karakus dessert, nemse tatlisi, halka dessert ve bici-bici.
Visit Grand Mosque (Ulu Cami), Sabanci Center Mosque, Bebekli Church, Old Adana houses at Tas Kopru and Tepebag districts as well as Anavarza, Sar and Misis Ruins and Bird Paradise of Akyatan and Agyatan which are outside the city center.
Visit Regional Archeology and Ethnography Museum, Ataturk House located within the city center.
Visit old bazaars of Adana and buy Karatepe kilims.
Taste regional meals especially Adana Kebap and drink turnip juice and aslama (made of licorice).