Cappadocia region, an area lying between the provinces of Nevsehir, Kayseri and Nigde, is one of the most unusual places in the world. The first things that come to one’s mind upon hearing the name Cappadocia are the Fairy chimneys (a conical rock formation, typically found in the Cappadocia region of Turkey), the Ihlara Valley, underground cities, and rock churches. The Fairy Chimneys make you feel as if you were in an extraterrestrial place.
The Cappadocia region is a place where nature and history become a united whole most beautifully. While the natural forces formed the Fairy Chimneys within the region covered with volcanic lava, the human beings curved houses and churches into these Fairy Chimneys throughout history and decorated them with wall-paintings. Hence, the traces of the ancient civilizations survived to our time after thousands of years.
The houses displaying the characteristics of the local architecture are mostly found in Urgup, Ortahisar, Mustafapasa, Uchisar, Goreme and Avanos. There are also underground cities like Derinkuyu, Mazi and Kaymakli.
The Pancarlik Valley, Mustafapasa (Sinasos) and Cemil Villages with their traditional houses, Sahinefendi Village with its Kırksehitler Church, Devrent and Catalkaya Valleys with their Fairy Chimneys are worth visiting.
This region which was once a site on the Silk Road had hosted various civilizations throughout centuries arm-in-arm with the Halys River. Today it is hosting lots of visitors coming from almost all over the world. Cappadocia is also a region both a mysterious and peaceful place where you can always feel the air of wisdom and dignity typical of Central Anatolia.
Cappadocia is as beautiful and unusual as the dreamland. It is an ideal place for congress tourism thanks to its modern and well-equipped accomodation facilities, high quality catering facilities and recreation life and consequently thanks to its being a lively place in terms of tourism.
Road: You can go to Urgup, which is the center of the Cappadocia region, from Nevsehir by bus, minibus or taxi. The distance between the region and the big cities: Istanbul-Nevsehir 730 km, Izmir-Nevsehir 763 km, Ankara- Nevsehir 276 km.
Airline: Nevsehir- Cappadocia Airport operating since 1998 is at a distance of 30 km from the city center.
Brief Historical Account
Urgup, 20 km east of Nevsehir, is one of the most important centers of the Cappadocia region. It was named Osiana (Assiana) and Hagios Prokopios under the Byzantine Empire, Bashisar under the Seljuk Empire, Burgut Kalesi (Burgut Citadel) under the Ottoman Empire and Urgup from the first years of the Turkish Republic on.
Urgup, having geological layers of volcanic origin, is situated in a region where there are lots of typical examples of the so called Fairy Chimneys, which are natural formations formed through rain and wind erosion. The Fairy Chimneys, towering among the cracks formed through the erosion caused by the rain waters flowing down from the slopes of the valleys and later by the winds, have created an interesting scenery peculiar to this region.
Cappadocia, where summers are hot and dry, winters are cold and snowy, springs and autumns are rainy, is under the effect of a steppe climate.
Places to Go and Visit
Pink Valley, Kizilcukur, Mustafapasa, Sarihan, Halacdere, Firatkan, Saint Theodore (Tagar) Church, Pancarlik Church, Ala Church and Kepez Churches, Balkan Churches, Taskinpasa Mosque, Kadi Castle, Temenni (Mausoleum ), Altikapi, Dams Dam, Avanos, Urgup, Ihlara Valley, underground cities, Haci Bektas Dergâhi and the Elmali, Ermis Bassillius, Barbara, Yilanli, Carikli, Tokali Churches in the Goreme Open-Air Museum are striking. Uchisar Rock Fortress, Soganli Valley, Ortahisar, Zelve and Cavusin are among the “must-see” places.
Ruins belonging to the Urgup Museum: Mustafapasa (Sinasos) Aios Vasilios Church, the Monastery Valley Churches, Yesiloz (Saint Theodore) Church and Pancarlik Church.
June : Wine Competition in Urgup
August : Handicraft, International Avanos Tourism Festival
October : Urgup Vintage Festival
Trekking, hunting (around Damsa Lake and Uchisar), climbing, baloon tours (An opportunity for the ones who dedicate themselves to the art of photography to take photos of this region famous for its unique natural beauties).
Different kinds of muffin and kebab have special importance in the Cappadocian cuisine. Yasar Baba Restaurant in Uchisar and Tafana in Avanos offer you rich tastes which will satisfy you during your journey in Cappadocia. You should definitely taste the “testi kebab” which is peculiar to the region and prepared in 5 hours. An original lamb meal cooked in an oven made in a hole in the earth, vegetable dishes, stew made from various vegetables should also be tasted. As for what to drink, the wines made from grapes grown in the region are preferred a lot.
Handicraft and sector of gift making/selling in the region are quite developed. Fairy chimneys figures made from various materials, Cappadocian dolls, ceramic cups and the famous Cappadocian wine produced from the grapes grown in the vineyards in the region can be bought.
Visit the Urgup Museum, underground cities, the churches and the Taskinpasa Mosque.
Buy the souvenirs produced in the region.