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[Ottoman Architecture] [Ottoman Architecture] [Late period]


MUSTAFA III PERIOD AND THE BUILDINGS (1757-1774)      


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The characteristics of the Mustafa III period with its baroque style are well reflected the Laleli Mosque. It was built by Mehmet Tahir Ağa between 1759 and 1763. The baroque style of the mosque is mostly reflected in the height of the mosque and the rim of its dome. However, the facade is not as elaborate as Nuruosmaniye Mosque. The stairs are also applied here as the most important element of baroque architecture. The pediment of the fountain in the yard of the mosque is elaborated with figures of oyster. There are baroque decorations on the pediment over the entrance door and columns with Corinth and Ion heads in a western style.

Uskudar Ayazma Mosque: It was built between 1757 and 1760 for Mihrisah Emine Sultan, the mother of the sultan. Located on a hill over Uskudar, the mosque has only one dome. The rim of the dome is high and the passage to the dome is led through pendentives inside. The final congregation place, led by long stairs in half circular shape, is covered with a mirrored vault in the middle and with the dome on two sides. Marble mihrab and minbar, elaborated with baroque decorations, preserve their authentic forms.

Fatih Mosque: It was rebuilt by the architect Tahir Ağa after the earthquake in 1766. The baroque style on the domes and the side walls is merged classical architectural style. It has a dome with a diameter of 19 meters. The dome is supplied with semi-domes on four sides and quarter domes on the corners. A wide ramp leads to the sultan's meeting room. The Fatih Tomb, built in 1771, was constructed in classical Ottoman style. However, the baroque entrance was added later. It has an elaborate fringe over the door and below the fringe there are golden gilded figures.

Zeynep Sultan Kulliyah, located opposite the Gulhane Park, consists of a mosque, junior’s school, madrasah and a cemetery. It was requested from architect Mehmet Tahir Ağa by Zeynep Sultan, the daughter of Ahmet III. The fountain in the kulliyah could not be preserved until today. The mosque is mostly built in a classical style, with minor details in baroque style.