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MILAS      


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Settlement traces back the mid-2000s B.C in Mylasa (Milas, which is the capital city of Caria. In the 5th century B.C the city, which was involved in the Ion revolution and Persian wars, was dominated by Persians. Then it was captured by Helen, Roman, Byzantium, Seljuk and Ottoman Empires. With the foundation of Republic, the city bore the name of Milas and became a town. In the city center there are few of ancient remains. Gumuskesen tomb, which was constructed with the inspiration of Bodrum Mausoleum, belongs to the 1st century B.C and has been kept in good condition. Zeus holds two sided axe on the keystone of Baltali Kapi (Door with Axe) belonging to the 2nd century B.C, which was built in marble as the extending part of the city walls. Ulu Mosque belonging to the 14th century, Firuzaga Mosque built by Menteseogullari and other inns, baths, madrasahs and mosques built in the Ottoman Period are worth to visit. The Archaelogy Museum in which the findings obtained from the excavations in Milas and its vicinity are exhibited can be visited on weekdays.

Milas is famous for its carpets which have been produced for ages. The ancient Turkish houses, which are duplex and have courtyards, bay windows, wooden barred windows and chimneys made of tiles, reflect the architecture of Mugla.

Other historical buildings worth to visit are Hellenistic and Roman tombs in Becin that is settled on a plateau at 5 km south from Milas, castles, baths, madrasahs, Orhan Bey Mosque, Bey Mansion, Bey Bath, a chapel belonging to the Byzantium Period, Yelli Mosque and Yelli Madrasah. The buildings belonging to the Middle Age have not been damaged so much due to the fact that the city was abandoned in the 15th century.

In the east of Bafa Lake, a part of which is located within the borders of Mugla, five peaks of Besparmak Mountains (Latmos), on whose skirts monastery and church ruins exist, ascend into the sky. Ruins belonging to Heraklia (Kapikiri) are available on the west side of Besparmak Mountains. Heraklia used to be the port of Caria and Ion in 1000s B.C. In 8th century B.C it was captured by Satrap of Caria Maussolos. The centuries of 4 and 5 B.C were the ages of Persian domination. It was named as Heraclia due to the influence of Hellenistic Period and Heracles. Its connection to the sea was discontinued in the 1st century A.D and abandoned within the course of time. In the 7th century it turned into a place where the priests and monks took refuge. There are Nekropol with 2500 tombs, Endymion altar, Athena Temple built in 287 B.C, Bouleterian (parliament house) belonging to the 2nd century B.C, a theatre, Byzantium Castle and monasteries in the city. Prehistorical pictures on rocks around Sogutozu Village can be reached by a short walk.

Kapikiri Village and other parts of the lake ate tranquil, fascinating and unchanged. People are natural, sincere and hardworking. In Heraclia, there are clean and simple boarding houses where delicious foods are serviced. The lake, around which there are 208 bird species, is a shelter and a feeding place for the passage birds as well. It is a pleasure to eat fish cooked on tiles by lake. Remembering Endymion legend by watching the full moon makes one experience mysterious moments. One can realize the silent and natural atmosphere of the lake and the historical environment which creates a feeling of belonging to other dimensions by joining the boat trip and hiking in different routes.

Zeus Temple, which was built by Hadrian, is located in the ancient city Euromos (Ayakli) that is 12 km to Milas on Soke-Milas highway. The building standing with 16 columns in Corinth form and architraves is one of the best protected buildings in Anatolia. In Euromos there are theatre and agora surrounded by four stoas in Dor form as well. In peaceful and quiet Stratonikeia (Eskihisar) on Mugla-Yatagan-Milas highway, a temple dedicated to the Roman Empire, a Hellenistic theatre whose seats are in good condition, bouleterion, gymnasium, vaulted gate of the city walls are other ancient remains worth to see.

Lagina, which is the important holy area of Caria people, is located in Turgutlu, Yatagan. It is understood that there have been a settlement in the city since 3000s B.C until today. In the city propylon (monumental entrance), holy road, altar, peribolos, Doric stoas and Hecate Temple can be visited. Before entering Milas, Labranda, which is one of the holy buildings of Zeus and attracts many visitors due to its fresh air and breath-taking scene, is located on the high parts of the mountains. Other remains of Labranda are andron where holy ceremonies used to take place, stadium, stoa, priest houses, stairs and a tomb. Bargylia (Bogazici), which is another Caria settlement in the north of Gulluk, was established in memory of Bargylos, who died from a kick of Pegasus, the winged horse, belonging to his friend Bellorophontes mentioned in mythology. Its remains are Hellenistic theatre and temple on the hill. Iasos (Kiyikislacik), which can be reached by 17 km walk from Kosk Village that is 12 km to Milas or by boats from Gulluk, was established as colony by Argos people and named after the leader. The excavations indicate that there has been settlement in this area since 3000 B.C. This city is located on a small peninsula. The structures in the city belong to Hellenistic and Roman periods. Stoa built in 130 B.C, agora entered by passing through the vaulted gate, Odeon, mausoleum having been restored, Artemis temple, theatre, Zeus Temple, mosaic house, Hellenistic city gate and tombs of Roman period are other remains worth to visit. Mendirek Tower in the harbor is a structure of Middle Age. In accordance with the mythology, “the boy (Helmias) on the dolphin” was born in Iassos.