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[Antalya]


WEST OF ANTALYA      


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Kalkan


Kalkan is a part of Kas District. It was built in an area where slopes of a mountain meet a small bay. The first attraction of Kalkan is its whitewashed historical houses which are decorated with colorful flowers and therefore represent Mediterranean culture and its narrow and quiet streets. Kalkan is one of the attractions of blue voyage lovers due to its yacht port. It is especially enjoyable to watch the vivacity of the marina at the sunset or it is possible to swim in Kalkan, so you do not have to go somewhere else. Or you can go to Patara sandy beach that is close to Kalkan, attend a daily boat tour or create another option for yourself. If you want to escape from extreme temperature, attending a tour of Bezirgan and Islamkoy high plateau is just one of the alternatives.

Patara, very close to Kalkan, was the biggest port of Antique Lycia. History of city dates back to 5 BC. While it was an important naval base in the Alexander the Great’s period, the city became one of the episcopacy centers in early Christianity period. Santa Claus (Christmas Father) is thought to be born here.

The most sound of remnants in Patara antique city is three eyed Roman Glory Tank. Apart from this, Turkish bath, church, fortress, temple remnants and a theater, most parts of which is under sand, are worth visiting. During excavations in Patara, a road map showing the distance between Lycia cities was found. This map is among the oldest transportation areas of the world.

Patara beach is also the longest sandy beach (22 km) and a natural production area for caretta caretta sea turtles. You can enjoy the blue and rough sea of Patara and have a great day on its very clean and unique sandy beach. You can also make your holiday even more interesting and enjoyable with a horse ride on the beach and a canoe tour on Esen Stream.

Another antique city near Kalkan is Xanthos, which is the capital of former Lycia civilization. Antique city is within the borders of Kinik city and situated 18 km north of Patara. History of city dates back to 8 BC according to findings. Folk of Xanthos made war against Persian army in 545 BC and won a victory that represents a perfect resistance example for Lydia. The city became the capital of Lycia Union 168 BC and a state of Roman Empire with Pampheylia in 43 BC. As it was a part of Byzantine, it was also seized for many times by Arabians. The first founding place of Xanthos is Lycia acropolis and Artemis temple and Byzantine church. There is a theater from Roman period in the north (2 BC) and a magnificent monastery. Lycia sarcophagus and Kule Monument which symbolize antique city, are visible everywhere.

Letoon city which is one of important centers of Lycia is located 19 km west of Kalkan and 2 km away from Lycia. Just like other Lycia residences, it was ruled by Roman and Byzantine Empire successively. The most important structures in antique city are remnants of Leto, Artemis and Apollo temples and a stoa, theater and Byzantine church that belong to Roman period.


Kas


Surrounded by mountains on the west of Kekova, Kas was founded on a hill near the seaside. Kas whose name was formerly Antiphellos was one of the most important cities of Lycia region. It is already known that beaches of Teke penninsula are housed since 6000 BC. Kas was also ruled by different civilizations like other Lycia cities.

The most important symbol of Kas is Lycia type sarcophagus between shopping centers and entertainment center. It is very easy to reach antique remnants (theater and necropolis) on foot. It is especially very enjoyable to watch sunset from theater. Meis Island complements the landscape of Kas.

Bars and coffee houses in Kas create a very lively atmosphere in Kas. Pensions are very widespread and there are various types of sea food and traditional Turkish food in restaurants.

Apart from these, you can attend various programs such as culture tourism, walk in nature, boat tour, nature and diving sports and paragliding. Furthermore, you may climb Kizla Sivrisi which is the highest point of the region or the second highest peak Akdag (3030 m.).

Since there is no sandy beach in Kas, you may swim in Buyuk and Kucuk Cakil beaches or go to Kaputas beach 20 km away. Kaputas beach is on the way between Kalkan and Mavi Magara, 500 km away is only reachable by sea and worth seeing.

Kas and its sorrounding are also rich in clothes, handwork and folklore. Its famous Barak carpet is weaved in Yayla, Kilicli and Yesilbarak villages.


Demre (Kale)


Demre (Kale) district, formerly named Myra and 25 km west of Finike is one of the most visited places by tourists due to its magnificent rock graves, theater from Roman period and antique city.

Findings of Myra show that history of the city goes back to 5 BC. There are relieves on some of the rock graves on the slope of the mountain. You can climb these graves and watch the city from above. Roman Theater has 29 row seat and 9-10 thousand audience capacity. 2 BC was the heyday of Demre. With the help of rich people, construction activities developed considerably in this period.

After Myra, second most important center in Demre is Santa Claus Church from Byzantine period. Myra was an episcopacy center in Byzantine period. Very well known as Christmas Father, Santa Claus worked as a bishop at the beginning of IV. Century and died here. St. Nicholaus was a Saint who protected children, sailors and heavy workers according to Christianity. With all its properties, Demre is important for Christian world. Every year on 6th of December, Santa Claus activities are organized in Demre and this has become a tradition.

Cayagzi Port (with former name Andriake) on the west side of Demre is an ideal place for swimming and sunbathing in safety. Aqueducts, fountain, agora, cistern and cereals warehouse remnants are worth visiting. In addition, there are Komurlu and Suluklu beaches in Demre.

Apart from these, there is another beauty between Kas and Derme which can be reached by sea or land easily. This is Kekova Island, which can be reached in an hour by sea. Kekova is also the region with many small islands, bays and antique cities. By attending daily boat tours, you can visit Ucagiz Koyu and Kalekoy(Simena) and swim there. You may also explore the hidden beauties of Batik Sehri, Tersane Koyu and Kalekoy (Simena). Boats for Kekova Island anchor in Tershane bay. There is an abscissa of a church from Byzantine period and many historical remnants. The most enjoyable thing is to make a tour on Batik Sehir. Batik Sehir is Apollonia antique city that went under water because of a severe earthquake. When you look at from the boat carefully, you can see the traces of hidden city and stairs in water. Since it is forbidden here to dive, you must just have a look at this protected region. You can see more of it if you choose a boat with a glass ground.

Former name of Ucagiz Koyu was Theimiussa. It is a fisher’s town surrounded by sea. The attraction here is an epigraph in Lycia language and sarcophagus from Roman period. Its natural port is important for yacht tourism.

Former name of Kalekoy, a Lycia city, is Simena. Kalekoy is only reachable by sea. Lycia sarcophagus under water is one of the most important symbols of antique residence. The fortress that can be reached after a short climb has a unique landscape. Kalekoy provided tourists with all kinds of possibilities with its restaurants and accommodation facilities.


Finike


Finike, famous for its oranges, is also very attractive with its sandy beaches as well as antique Lymra and Arykanda cities. Limyra, a former Lycia city, is 4 km northwest of Finike. History of the city dates back to 5 BC. It became the capital city of Lycia Union. After a number of different civilizations, it was ruled by Romans as from 2 BC and had its heyday. The city was impaired by an earthquake in 141 and was the center of episcopacy in Byzantine period. The most important work of art is a decorated sarcophagus which had been built in the name of Pericles. Remnants of Byzantine and Roman period and Roman Bridge on the way to Kumluca are among the places that are worth seeing.

Antique Arykanda (Arif Village) that belongs to Lycia civilization is situated at the top of a mountain 12 km away between Elmali- Finike. It is very interesting to watch valley from here. Pericles coins from excavations give a lot of clues about the history of the city. This city was among the important cities of Lycia Union in 2nd Century. Byzantine gave the name Akalanda, the city was at the same place until 11th century and then changed its place. There are a lot of remnants from the city today.


Kumluca


History of the city whose former name was Sarikavak goes back to Lycia period. Kumluca became a part of Ottoman Empire in 15th century and now has Kizlarsivrisi Hill (3069 m) as its highest point on Beydaglari mountain. A part of Olimpos National Park is also within the borders the district. Apart from this, Corydella, Rhadiopolis, and Gagae are some of the antique residences around Kumluca.

Adrasan (Cavus) Bay is a very natural place with its 2 meters long quiet sandy beach and pine trees surrounding it. It is also possible to dive into the bay which is a very popular point for boat tours, watch Fenike submarine at the entrance of the bay and fish. Adrasan Village serves indigenous and foreign tourists with its hotels, motels, pensions and restaurants. Like Papaz and Korsan beaches of Kumluca, its beaches and natural beauties are explored by more and more tourists every year.


Kemer


Kemer is a real holiday paradise with its natural beauties, antique cities, very clean shores, luxurious holiday villages mostly in Beldibi, Tekirova and Goynuk, small and big sized tourist facilities and colorful and enjoyable night life. History of Kemer is nearly as long as the world’s history. Beldibi Cave has traces from Upper Paleolitic (30000- 10000 BC) and Mesolithic (Epipaleolithic). Pictures on the wall that are made up of people and animal descriptions and geometrical patterns and that reflect the hunting culture of the period is very interesting. Red, brown and black paints were used in these pictures. 5 kilometer after Beldibi Cave, you will reach Belbasi Cave.

Phaselis antique city is found on the western side of Kemer, on the sea shore and among pine trees. The city was built by Rhodes in 690 BC. Phaselis antique city was attacked and plundered for many times throughout the history and ruled by various civilizations. Remnants of this important trade and port city belong to Roman Period. Agoras, walls, aqueducts, street and Hadrian Gate are among the important remains. You can walk around the city thanks to the refreshing impact of pine trees and swim in the region after the historical structures.

Olympos (Cirali-Yanartas) antique city, a part of which is within the borders of Kumluca, was built on the slopes of Tahtali Mountains. Olympos is like a hidden paradise with its long and clean sandy beach, unique nature and historical remains. Olympos (Cirali-Yanartas) antique city was once the second most important port city of the region after Phaselis and also a member of Lycia Union. Its known history goes back to 2 BC. Remnants belong to Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine period. Olympos and Cirali beaches are also reproduction site of caretta caretta sea turtles. Settlement is not allowed in Olympos. However, it is possible to stay in wooden houses between trees and camp.

Cirali Village is located 1 km east of antique city. Pensions are widespread in Cirali Village. This village is very quiet at nights. Sandy beaches and sea begin after orange gardens. Restaurants and facilities decorated with reedy are compatible with nature. One of the most interesting places of Cirali is Yanartas (Chimaera). Area called Cakaltepe, 3 km away from Cirali, is famous for its lighted stones on the southern hill. Reason for the lighted stones is that natural gas comes out of fractures.

Kemer (Idropolis) antique city is thought to have been built in the bay of Anavura Burnu (Ayisigi Parki) on the southeastern shore of Kemer Mountain in 3 BC. Kemer was once also an important Lycian port city. Then, it was seized by Seljuq Empire in 12th century.

In the center of Kemer, there is a very well equipped yacht port. All shores of Kemer have a blue flag. If you want to buy something belonging to the region, it is recommended to buy some kind of hand work.