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[Bird Observation]


BIRD HOUSES       


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Introduction
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Bird houses

Bird houses which decorate the outer walls of historical buildings are just like the symbols of the warm friendship between mankind and animals. There was some kind of beliefs in the past. People believed that collared doves protect lovers, house martins protect the houses where they are nested from fire, migrant birds as white storks go to Holly soils, and they do not disturb white storks which nest on the chimneys. Perhaps due to these beliefs people wanted to see the birds around and close to them, and built bird houses for them.

The history of these bird houses go back to 16 century in architecture. The bird houses which were made from wood could not be protected until present day. However, bird palaces and houses which were built for primarily sparrow, goldfinch, and house martins etc, and attract attention in traditional architecture are still admired with their stylish architectural characteristics. The bird houses which were built by opening a hole on the wall providing a bird to nest easily are generally directed towards south which is protective against the wind. The nests which were built on high places where people cannot reach and birds feel secure were located on the east front to allow sunlight, therefore both front aesthetics and availability for the birds were provided. These houses in model character were formed by burying into the wall or carving the wall. Bird houses were generally built on mosques, madrasah, hostels, bridges, libraries, and tombs. Bird houses which took place among the buildings of Ottoman Empire spread from Istanbul to Eastern Beyazit.

Examples of historical buildings with bird houses and bird palaces:

Istanbul: Suleymaniye Mosque, Bali Pasha Mosque, Yeni Mosque, Fatih Mosque, Laleli Mosque, Uskudar Mosque, Ayazma Mosque, Selimiye Mosque, Buyuk Cekmece Sokulu Mehmet Pasha Bridge, Kara Mustafa Pasha Madrasah, Amcazade Huseyin Pasha Madrasah, Seyyid Hasan Pasha Madrasah, Feyzullah Efendi Madrasah, Ragip Pasha, Amcazade Huseyin Pasha, I. Mahmut, Sebsefa Hatun, Shah Sultan Sibyan Schools, I. Mahmut Library, III. Mustafa Tomb, Buyuk Yeni Hostel, Cukurcesme Hostel, Hasan Pasha Hostel, Old Darphane, Taksim Maskemi, Balat Ahrida Synagogue.

Tokat Ulu Mosque, Nigde Kigili Mosque, Amasya Sultan Beyazit Mosque, Antakya Ulu Mosque, Eastern Beyazit Ishak Pasha Palace Mosque, Hayrabolu Corumi Mustafa Efendi Mosque, Nevsehirli Damat Ibrahim Pasha Library, Merzifonlu Kara Mustafa Pasha Hostel, Zile Carsi Hamam, Kayseri Sheikh Fountain.