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[Botany] [Important plant groups in Turkey]


IRAN- TURAN PLANT AREA (THE STEPS)       


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The steps, available over a large area extending from Thrace to the borders of Iran and Iraq and made up of plants that can generally endure drought, are the most widespread flora in Anatolia. The step plants, generally growing in lands where there are no trees, protect the Anatolian soil from the fury of rain and wind that is erosion.

The steps, unbelievably rich in terms of plant variety, sometimes include more than a hundred members of the same plant family. This variety brings a great color and texture richness to the step type vegetation. Especially in the spring, the daisies, crocuses, poppies, wedding flowers, labium, mulleins, thistles, astragalus, shepherd’s pillow flowers, prophet flowers, rattans and many others turn the steps into a blazonry.