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[Botany]


OUR AUTHENTIC (ENDEMIC) PLANT TYPES       


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Introduction
Expand Important plant groups in TurkeyImportant plant groups in Turkey
Endemic plant species

30 % of the edible plants have originated in Anatolia. For example, cherries, almonds, apricots, wheat, peas, lentils, figs, tulips, snowdrops and crocuses are plants that are unique to Turkey.

Orchid has its types that are specific to Turkey. You can make salep out of these orchid species. In Kahramanmaras, on the other hand, they contribute to the famous ice cream of the area. The salep made from the orchids play an important role in the fame Maras’ ice cream has been accredited with.

We have authentic almond trees in our country. These trees grow in Elazig, Hakkari, Mersin, Maras and Van.

Lepidium has a few authentic types in our country. The lepidium types used in salads are among the authentic plants of the cities of Adana, Bitlis, Hakkari, Kastamonu, Konya, Maras, Nigde and Van.

Asparagus is one of the important species of pabulum and is authentically available in three cities in Turkey. Asparagus Lycicus (Lycian asparagus) is grown in Antalya, Asparagus Coodei in Konya and Mersin, Asparagus Lycaonicus (Likonia and Konya Asparagus), which is named after the name of Konya in the antique period, again in Konya.

There are two beet plants authentic to Turkey. These two plants are named after the cities they are raised in: Beta Adanensis (Adana beets) in Adana and Beta Trojana (Troya Beet) in Canakkale.

Turkey is the fatherland of cherry too. It was named after our cosy Black Sea city Giresun. Cherry has types authentic to different regions, too. For example, the Cerasus Incana in teh cities of Amasya, Erzurum, Kayseri, Nigde, Tokat; Cerasus Erzincanica (Erzincan Cherry) in Erzincan, Cerasus Hippophaedoides in Sivas are the authentic cherry types in Turkey.

Cicer Isauricum in Antalya and Cicer reticulatum in Mardin are the authentic pea types of our country.

Turkey is very rich in terms of the authentic types of the linen plant, which is used in the embroidery and food sectors. For example, Linum Pseudanatolicum in Adana, 4 different authentic linens in Amasya, Linum anatolicum (Anatolia linen), three different authentic linens in Ankara, three different authentic linens in Antalya, Linum Pamphlyicum (Pamfilya linen) and three different authentic linens in Denizli can be set as examples.

Our country is very rich in terms of authentic thyme types. We can give Origanum amanum (Amanos thyme) in Adana, Origanum Sipyleum (Spil thyme) in Afyon, Origanum Munzurensis (Monzur thyme) in Tunceli as examples.

The madımak plant is seen to have area specific types. For example, Polygonum Afyonicum (Afyon madımağı) in Afyon, Polygonum salebrosum in Antalya, Polygonum cappadocicum (Cappadocia madımağı) in Kayseri, Polygonum Karacae in Mugla, Polygonum Samsunicum in Samsun, (Samsun madımağı),Polygonum Sivasicum (Sivas Madımağı) in Sivas.

Pear is an authentic fruit showing a wide variety in Turkey. For example, we can see examples of authentic pears in Antalya, Bingol, Bitlis, Diyarbakir, Samsun and Elazig, Hakkari (is our riches city with three types of pears) and in Usak.

We have only one authentic rye plant in our country (Secale cereale ancestrale). This plant grows naturally in Agri, Bingol, Gumushane, Kars, Kayseri, Mardin, Mus, Nevsehir, Tunceli and Van.

The authentic types of fenugreek are available in Anatolia. For example, there is Trigonella Cretica in Ankara, Bilecik, Mugla and Urfa; Trigonella Lycica (Likya fenugreek) in Antalya; Trigonella cilicica (Kilikya rye) in Mersin; and Trigonella Sirjaevi in Mugla and Bursa.

The single endemic mountain ash type of Turkey is to be found in Rize: Sorbus caucasia. However, this mountain ash type is in danger of extinction.

Our country is very rich in terms of authentic sage. Many of our cities have more than one type of sages. For example, Salvia Cilicica (Kilikya sage) in Adana, Salvia Pisidica (Pisidya rye) in Afyon, Salvia Smyrnaea (Izmir sage) in Aydin and Izmir, Salvia euphretica (Firat sage) in Malatya and Salvia Yosgadensis (Yozgat sage) in Yozgat.

The crocus, also known as Crocus in the literature, is grown in Safranbolu. This plant is used in Zerde Dessert, which is a local specialty, and in rice. Safranbolu and its surroundings are also rich in terms of authentic crocus types (Crocus Ancyrensis, Crocus Biflorus, Crocus Danfordae, Crocus Abantensis, Crocus Pastolazzae).

An authentic plant belonging to the radish family called Icotia carnosula, is grown in Antalya and Mugla and eaten by the residents of the area fresh and cooked.