Samsun, situated in the middle of the Black Sea region, is one of the region’s cities that have the highest tourism potential with its natural, historical and cultural riches as well as its maritime, road, air and railroad transportation facilities. The products that are produced in the nearby cities are exported from here and each year an important commercial and industrial fair is organized in this city.
To start the fight for the independence of Anatolia, which was under occupation at those times, Ataturk came to Samsun on 19 May 1919; therefore, this city played an important role in the Turkish Independence War, and since that day, it has always maintained this importance.
Between the years 750-760 B.C., Samsun was a small settlement founded by the people of Miletus, one of the Ionian city-states, under the name Amisos. Later, it was ruled by the Persian, Macedon, Pontus, Byzantine, Danisment and Seljuk Empires and then was annexed to the Ottoman Empire by the Ottoman sultan Yildirim Bayezid in 1398.
Samsun is also known as the city of Amazons. Amazons are the legendary female warriors who lived in 1200 B.C. They lived in the city of Themiskyra, which they founded on the shore of the Thermodon (Terme) Stream.
It is claimed that since Amazons had their right breast cut off when they were just small children in order that they might be able to use the arrows of their bows more freely, they were called Amazon, which means “without breast”.
Amazons are the representatives of the matriarchy in Anatolia that reflects itself in the form of fighting. The Amazons, who are the interesting and charming women warriors of history, have been the subjects and source of inspiration for the Fine Arts throughout history. These female warriors carry the most mysterious part of the history of Samsun to our time.
Road: Bus terminal is in the provincial center.
Railroad: There are rail connections between Samsun and Sivas, Samsun and Amasya. Railroad station is in the city center.
Maritime line: There are ferryboat travels in Samsun between June and August. The port is in the city center.
Airline: Samsun Airport is at a distance of 19 km. from the city center. You can go to the airport by the service coaches in front of the bureau of the Turkish Airlines that is in the city center.
Brief Historical Account
Between the years 750-760 B.C., Samsun was a small settlement founded by the people of Miletus, one of the Ionian city-states, under the name Amisos. Later, it was ruled by the Persian, Macedon, Pontus, Byzantine, Danisment and Seljuk Empires and then was annexed to the Ottoman Empire by the Ottoman sultan Yildirim Bayezid in 1398. Samsun is an important city in Turkish history because it is the very first city where Ataturk went on 19 May 1919 to start the national campaign.
The mean temperaturee in Samsun is 14,3ºC. On the shores of Samsun prevails the typical Black Sea climate. However, when you move into the interior places, terrestrial climate begins to prevail. It rains less in Samsun than in the Eastern Black Sea region but temperature in Samsun is higher than the one in the Eastern Black Sea region. Winters are mild, springs are foggy and cool, and summers are dry in the places on the coast. Precipitations are generally in the form of rain.
Places to Go and Visit
Amisos Treasures, Ladik Hamamayagi Thermal Springs, the Monument of Glory (Onur Aniti).
Samsun Ataturk Museum, Archeological and Ethnography Museum, Gazi Museum.
Yakakent and Cam Lake, Alacam Geyikkosan Beach, beaches of Bafra, Tekkekoy.
May: The Festival of Celebration and Commemoration of Ataturk
July: Cultural and Arts Festival
September: Cultural and Natural Festival
Trekking in nature, water sports, angling, and paragliding.
In the diet of the people of Samsun, corn, cabbage and haricot bean are quite important. Soups with fried meat and some plants like Lorgon, Kircan, Kaldirayak, Madimak, Nunuk and the muffin of Samsun are Samsun’s famous meals.
Cloth textile, wooly textile products, baggy trousers called salvar.
Visit Samsun Archeological and Ethnography Museum,
Visit the Amisos Treasures,
Visit Ladik Hamamayagi Thermal Springs,
See the Monument of Glory (Onur Aniti), which is a statue symbolizing Ataturk’s coming to Samsun to start our Independence war.
Taste the muffin of Samsun and pickle with fried meat in the restaurants in Kurupelit and taste the creamy Turkish delight of Bafra.
Taste “tahta” fish and pikes fished in Ladik Lake.