Pamukkale (Hierapolis), situated 18 km. to the north of Denizli, is like a magical event created by nature and a land of tales lying on the white clouds. Pamukkale is a natural wonder with its unique snowwhite travertines formed by the thermal mineralrich waters right in the middle of the historical ruins in thosands of years’ time. Pamukkale has also been included in the list of the World Heritage Sites by UNESCO.
It is known that the healing thermal spring waters that have formed these wonderful travertines have some curing effects on ailments like rheumatism, skin diseases, woman’s diseases, diseases related to nervous and digestive systems. This thermal tourism tradition in Pamukkale was maintained gladly and uninterrupted throughout ages. The waters which are made use of since the Antiquity spring out of the earth with a temperature of 35ºC, run down the side of a hill forming the natural snow-white travertines and the little pools descending gradually. The ruins right by the side of these travertines are the Octagonal Church and St. Philip’s grave, the old necropolis and baths. The city is also named the “holy city” (Hierapolis) because of the abundance of temples and other religious structures in the area.
to the northwest of Pamukkale, is famous for both its hot thermal waters and icy cold waters. It is an important thermal center offering high quality accommodation facilities. Additionally, In Pamukkale, some festivals, including an international song contest too, are organized annually in July.
Pamukkale has been a focus of attraction for many years both as a center of health, shopping, recreation and holiday and as a center of conventions and meetings with its numerous hotels. Pamukkale is a perfect choice in terms of the congress tourism.
Road: Means of access from all around Turkey are available.
Airline: Pamukkale is at a distance of 220 km from the Izmir International Airport and 240 km from the Mugla Dalaman International Airport.
Brief Historical Account
The remnants of the ancient city of Hierapolis, which was built by the king Lysimachos of Pergamum in the name of his wife Hiera, are scattered around Pamukkale.At the entrance of the Agora still stands a Hellenistic door of 3rd-2nd century B.C. For Pamukkale, the Roman period was a very glorious one. Many visitors from the Roman Empire came to Pamukkale for reasons like water sports and health. It is even claimed that the city was visited more frequently at those times than it is today. Pamukkale maintained its importance under the Byzantine rule, as well. It is believed that St. Philips, one of the twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, was murdered in Pamukkale, which makes the ancient Hierapolis an important center of Christianity. Pamukkale became one of the bishopric centers of the Byzantine Empire by the 5th century A.D. because of the fact that Laodicea, situated 2 km. down from Pamukkale, was one of the 7th Revelation Churches of the Bible. The Ottoman buildings and houses, which were constructed in Pamukkale after the city came into the possession of the Turks, are interesting.
Places to Go and Visit
St. Philip’s grave, the ancient city of Hierapolis, the baths of Hieraopolis, the Theatre, Apollo Temple, the old graveyard (Necropolis), the Boulevard of the Pillars, Laodicea, Kizil Su (Karahayit).
Hierapolis Archeology Museum
Cultural and natural tours, health-therapy tours.
Among the meals peculiar to Denizli are rice soup, a meal called keskek made of wheat, chickpea and meat, haricot bean, chickpea, a hot dish called sarma made of grape or cabbage leaves stuffed with meat and rice, a meal of stuffed vegetables, bulgur pilaf, zucchini, stew made of onion.
All the textile products of Denizli together with patterned, colorful, silver, cotton and silk clothes and furnishings.
Visit the unique wonderful travertines, the healing waters of Pamukkale whose therapeutic role in the treatment of many ailments has been acknowledged as well as thermal springs in Pamukkale like the ones in Karahayit and Yenice enjoying their healing effects.
Visit the holy cities of the Antiquity that hosted many civilizations like Hierapolis, Laodikeia, Colossae, Tripolis and Heraclaia.