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[Religious Tourism]


EDIRNE      


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Selimiye Mosque (Center)


The monumental structure, which was created by Great Architect Sinan at his 80th age, and about which he mentioned as ‘My Masterpiece of Art’ is among the masterpieces of the Ottoman Turkish art and the World Architectural History. The structure which stands out with its four minarets, also shows that Great Architect Sinan was a skilled city planning expert at the same time with the selection of its construction site. The mosque built out of hewn stone covers an area of 2475 square meters. The Selimiye Mosque, described as the structure constructed on the widest space within the history of architecture, attracts attention with its dome of 43,28 meters high from ground, and 31.30 meters in diameter. The mosque is very important with its adornment characteristics such as rock, marble, tile, wooden, nacre as well as the uniqueness of its architectural characteristics. The mosque, is very important with its adornment characteristics, such as rock, marble, tile, wooden, nacre besides the uniqueness of architectural characteristics. Its niche and its pulpit are among the masterpieces of marble workmanship. The tile ornaments of the structure have a special place in the Ottoman and World Art. The Selimiye Mosque has four elegant minarets with three balconies each, 3,80 meters in diameter and 70,89 meters at height. The minarets, which are at both sides of the public gate, have three paths each, and each balcony can be climbed by separate stairs. The other two minarets have one passage. The structure built as a complex (kulliye) has the structures of Darussibyan, Darulkur and Darulhadis in its big courtyard.


Uc Serefeli Mosque (Center)


It was constructed between the years of 1443 and 1447 by Murat II. The mosque is between the style of the early and the classical periods in the Ottoman art. We see a firstly applied plan here. The big central domeof 24 meters in diameter is based on six supports two of which are grades and four of which are wall grades. At sides are there two smaller domes and covered square parts. As an innovation, the structure has a transversal rectangular plan. Great Architect Sinan applied this plan in the Istanbul mosques with a more advanced form. Also, courtyard with portico (revak) is firstly applied during the construction of this mosque in Ottoman architecture. Minarets are placed at the four ends of the courtyard. The mosque with three balconies is a monumental structure pioneering to the subsequent mosques with these characteristics. The monumental minaret with three balconies, which gives its name to the mosque, is 67,62 meters at height. The authentic engravings in the domes with portico are among the oldest examples in the Ottoman mosques.


Muradiye Mosque (Center)


It was constructed in the Muradiye district, on a hill dominating over the Sarayici by Murat II. There is no date on its inscription. It is the most beautiful example of the side spaced (with “zaviye”) mosques. Tiles covering the niche and the walls are among the rarest and the most precious examples of Turkish tile art.


Bayezit II Mosque and Complex (Center)


The Complex, which is 2 km away from the city center, on the coast of Tunca River, is among the most important structures of Edirne. It lies on a vast area with its mosque, its medical theological school, alms house, cure house, public bath, kitchen, warehouses for provisions and other divisions. The architect of the Complex, which was constructed by Bayezit II between the years of 1484 and 1488, is Hayreddin. The Complex, which has a very impressive appearance, is covered with approximately hundred small and large domes. It is the first example in Edirne with very elegant sovereign gallery, made up of porphyry marble.


Old Mosque (Center)


It is the oldest monumental structure, remained from Ottomans in Edirne. Its construction is commenced in 1403 by Emir Suleiman, and completed in 1414 during the period of Celebi Sultan Mehmet. Its architect is Konyali Haci Alaaddin, and his pupil Ömer ibn Ibrahim.


Yildirim Mosque (Center)


It is the oldest mosque in Edirne, dating back to the 14th century. Both its plan and its column heads show that the structure is a cross planned Byzantian church. The structure was reconstructed except its base, while it was turned into a mosque in the name of Yildirim Bayezit (1400).


Fatih Mosque (Enez Hagia Sophia - Enez)


The structure, which remained from the Byzantium period, is very huge. The structure has been converted into a mosque with placing niche and balcony to the south branch during the Ottoman period. It is interesting in showing the characteristics of the late Byzantium period with tile adornments on the exterior surface as well as the middle Byzantium period with its lengthwise progressed cross plan. The mosque is today in a ruined position.


Sokullu Complex (Kasim Pasha Complex - Havsa)


It is in the Havsa province, on the Edirne highway. It was constructed by Great Architect Sinan in the name of Kasım Pasha, the son of Sokullu Mehmet Pasha in 1576-1577. The Complex was made up of two caravansaries, mosque, theological school, alms house, double public bath, dervish lodge, bridge and guilds. Today, only mosque, public bath, an unpredictable wall with oven - niche based on mosque courtyard and, pray dome binding mosque and caravansary in the middle of the guilds and fountain added afterwards to Complex can be seen.


Sweti George Church (Center)


The church constructed in 1880 was decorated in 1889. There are some paintings remaining from the church which was formerly at the same place. The structure is still in a well-kept condition today.


Jewish Synagogue (Center)


The synagogue at the Kaleici district of Edirne was constructed in the years of 1902-1903. Today, it is in a ruined condition.