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[Cave Tourism]


ICEL       


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Gilindire Cave


Geographical Location and Arrival


The cave is located between Sancak Headland and Kurtini River at 7.5 km. south of Aydincik District of Icel. There is a small village just in front of the cave whose entrance mouth faces the view of the sea. The cave can be reached both by land and by seaway. It can be arrived from Aydincik by a boat in 1.5 hours. Also, it is possible to go to the cave by walking on 2 km. road separated from about 10th km. of Aydincik-Silifke highway in right direction for about 15 minutes.

Properties


Gilindire Cave with a total length of 555 m., -46 m. of depth in respect to the entrance and 22 m. of height has developed horizontally and is a polygenic fossilized cave with a spring location. It is located nearby the most beautiful bays of the Mediterranean Sea, and inside the cave is covered with all sorts of dripstone formations (stalagmite, stalactite, pillar, wall and drapery dripstones, leakage stones and cave needles). These enchanting dripstones in gigantic dimensions have been divided into many saloons and chambers. Besides, at the end of the cave, there is a large lake which is 18-30 m. wide, 140 m. long and 5-47 m. high, and a few stalagmites, stalactites, pillars and cave needles at edge of the lake. They turn the cave into a charming place. Bats reside in some parts of the main gallery. The bays around the cave constitute the living-space of the Mediterranean Seals. Both these animals and the natural beauty of the place increase the importance and attractiveness of the cave.


Yalandunya Cave


Geographical Location and Arrival


The cave is located on the Yalandunya Hill locality at 1 km northwest of Sele Quarter which is 13 km. far from the Gulnar road separation on the Anamur-Silifke road.

Properties


The cave is partially horizontal, and partially vertical. There are beautiful stalactites, stalagmites and pillars inside the cave. Great amount of cave pearls can be seen. Scattered ceramic pieces were found inside the large saloon.

The cave with two entrance mouths has developed inside karstic limestone. The distance between the entrance mouths is approximately 100 m. One of the entrances is an opening that looks like a 8 x 6 m. sized big window on a cover in the form of a dome and the descent into the cave could be managed by special ladders which are 17 m. long.

The descent is directly on an ebuly with approximate thickness of 30 m. The inclination of the ebuly is nearly 40ºC. The great saloon here is 92 m. long and 67 m. wide. After going upwards for 10 m., you enter into a small saloon. From this saloon, it is possible to reach to the bottom of a shaft with 30 m. depth.


Cennet Ponor Cave


Geographical Location and Arrival


The cave is at 63 km southeast of Icel and 22 km. far from Silifke District. The ponor is reached by the Icel-Silifke coastal road on 1800 m. asphalt road.

Properties


The Cennet Ponor Cave is formed as a result of various geological movements and the corrosion by the underground waters. It is one of the most attractive natural formations of Icel.

The cave has formed as the result of the collusion of the ceiling because of the erosion of a creek passing under the ground in the Miocene period limestone. The cave has approximately 275x125 m. diameter and a deepest point of 135 m. The Cennet Ponor Cave descends to the direction of south in the shape of an inclined deep hole and takes on the shape of a cave at the end. The temporary lake that appears in the period when the level of underground water is high is dry in summer.

Cennet and Cehennem Ponors serve as two shafts formed by the collusion of the upper section of the same underground system. In order to descend down the ponor a pathway in the form of stairs which is left from Roman period can be used. There are ruins of a chapel that belongs to Byzantines at the west end.


Cehennem Obruk Cave


Geographical Location and Arrival


The cave is located at 63 km. southwest of Icel and 22 km. far from Silifke. It is at 75 meters east of Cennet Ponor.

Properties


The cave has been formed as the result of the collusion of the ceiling because of the erosion of a creek passing under the ground in the Miocene period limestone layers. The cave with the dimensions of 50x75 m. is elliptical. It is steeper and narrower than the Cennet Ponor. The debris piled at the floor of the ponor because of the collusion of the ceiling descends with an approximate inclination of 30ºC from west to eastward.


Narlikuyu Cave


Geographical Location and Arrival


Narlikuyu Cave can be reached by the asphalt road branching from the Silifke-Icel road.

Properties


The cave has developed in the Miocene limestone layers. It is located at 300 m. west of Cennet Cave and the entrance mouth is at 160 m. height above the sea level. After a narrow entrance that contains vertical parts in places for about 20 m, the cave contains wide saloons expanding in the direction of east-west. There are numerous stalactites, stalagmites and pillars inside these saloons.

There is a car park and guard cabins outside the cave open for tourism since 1987.


Peynirlikonu Doline and Cave


Geographical Location and Access


It is a big doline on the Peynirlikonu Plateau in Anamur District of Icel. The entrance is 1900 m. high above the sea level. Cukurpinar Doline and Peynirlik plateau that separated from Cukurpinar plateau by a ridge constitutes the basin of the cave.

Properties


Peynirlkonu Doline has a structure similar to typical dolines of Taurus. The gaps in the limestone mass where many tectonic fault lines intersected each other have enlarged because of the waters leaking from the cracks on the surface. An uvala formed by melting on the plateau has acted as a basin where the snow waters were gathered together, and a small doline formed at the place where the limestone mass become the border of the ground and uvala was connected with these gaps moving ahead. The “darals” formed the entrance of the cave starts with a section that requires crawling along the ground. After the first narrow 10 m. the ceiling disappears. The most part of the cave is in the form of galleries with high ceilings. Each of them is 1 m. wide, and there is water on the floor. There are a few places where two steps can be taken one after another up to -1300 m. The cave ends with a big lake at -1429 m.

This depth descended in 2004, is not only a record for Turkey and also made Peynirlikonu Doline the deepest 12th cave of the world.