Usak, has settlements dated back to 4000 BC had been under the rule of the Hittites during 2000’s BC and Phrygians during 1000s BC and then passed under the rules of Lydian, Persian, Roman, Seljuk and Byzantine powers respectively. It has joined the Ottoman Empire in 1429 after the settlements of Germiyanoglu. The “King’s Road” which connected the Aegean region to the east had passed through this area during Lydian times.
Usak is located between the Aegean and Central Anatolian regions and has the characteristics of the two regions alike. Usak which had always been long famous as a carpet centre for centuries and as well is still today.
A rich collection of historical works and remains dated from Chalcolithic period to Byzantine era can be seen in the city’s Archaeology Museum that also houses the world-renowned Karun treasures of the 6th century BC. The Ataturk and Ethnography Museum which was built in the Ottoman period holds over 1400 items including clothing of Ottoman and modern Turkish Republic periods and as well as some of Ataturk’s belongings. Kaftanci Museum (19th century) where Ataturk was accommodated during his travels contains an enormous rug and carpet collection.
Ulu mosque in Republic Square is from the 15th century AD. Haci Gedik Inn located across from the mosque endured until the 1960’s. The “bedesten” (vaulted bazaar) at the square was designed by an Italian Architect in 1901. The two story 30 room structure was renovated in the 1980’s and became the Sahaflar Carsisi (Used Book Sellers Market). The Open Bazaar which located in the same square has a row of jewellery shops.
There are archaeological sites such as Sebaste (Selcikler), Blaundus (Sulumenli), and Akmonia (Ahatkoy) that surround Usak. Weavings, oven items, ceramic tiles, carpets, and candies can be purchased as souvenirs from Usak, which also offers picnic areas and spas. Local cuisine like Usak tarhanasi (soup) comlek eti (meat cooked in an earthenware bowl) tas kapama, arap asi, cigerli bulgur (bulgur with liver), dondurme, siyah havuc (black carrot) and keskek (wheat pulp) are some of the culinary treats that can be tasted as well.www.usak.bel.tr www.usak.gov.tr