Sirnak, settled in the slopes of the Cudi Mountain (2114 m) derives its name from two words; “Sir” which denotes “the city” and the word “nak” meaning “Noah” thus the word stands for “the city of Noah”. It has been believed that Noah’s Ark had landed on the top of Cudi Mountain during the flood; therefore the province is renowned for faith tourism. Sirnak used to be a village during Ottoman Era then a district in 1927. Lastly, it was converted into a province in 1990.
In addition to Shah Ruins situated on the foothills of Cudi Mountain, there are several ruins in the neighborhood. Cizre, one of the districts of Sirnak of 45 km distance from the city is an important center. The history of Finik ruins, located between Damlarca and Eskiyapi villages, dates back to B.C 4000. In this place along with the palaces, dungeons, cisterns and many cave houses; found many rocks standing out with relief. The Babylonian Ruins in Kebele Village in the southwest of Cizre are surrounded by ramparts. During the excavations in 1992, a statue of an Assyrian King has been found and today it is being exhibited in the Anatolian Civilizations Museum in Ankara. Kasrik Ruins are also well worth seeing. In a small settlement located in the 6 km north of Cizre, various remnants of ancient buildings exist. Today, Kasrik ruins are used as promenade by the fellow citizens.
Cizre Castle, one of the prominent historical buildings of the area is situated in the north of the Cizre ramparts and near Dicle River. The castle is estimated to be built by Guti people yet a massive proportion of the building is ruined today. The castle which includes the structures like Develer Caravanserai, the Seraglio and the Dungeon inside, is now used by the Boundary Gendarmerie Battalion Command.
Cizre is a prosperous district for faith tourism. The existence of Noah’s and Mem-u Zin’s Tombs in the downtown increases the historicalness of the place. The Cizre Ulu Mosque which has been transformed from a church into a mosque in 639, the Abdaliye Madrasah situated on the Cizre ramparts, Mem-u Zin’s tomb beneath the Madrasah’s administration chambers, Kirmizi Madrasah, Ahmed El Cezeri’s Tomb, Bagoz Church, Virgin Mary Church and finally Ogunduk Church are some of Cizre’s important historical places that are highly recommendable.
Another district of Sirnak, Beytussebap, is well known for its four Dirheler (houses of giants) consisting of four huge buildings made up of carved rocks which are situated in the Fargosin Plateau. It is estimated that these houses are used as observation towers against Assyrian attacks or used as shelters during the migrations to plateaus.
In Sirnak, there are weaving methods called as sal-sapik and rencberi which bear the very characteristics of the region. Carpet, rug, saddle weaving and felt-making are among noteworthy handicrafts of the city. The rugs of Beytussebap are very famous, as well.www.sirnak.bel.tr www.sirnak.gov.tr